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Creating a Job

An example of creating a job using DBMS_JOB is the following:

VARIABLE jobno NUMBER;
BEGIN
DBMS_JOB.SUBMIT(:jobno, 'INSERT INTO employees VALUES (1234, NEWS,
NEWS, news@loopback.org, NULL, SYSDATE, AD_PRES, NULL,
NULL, NULL, NULL);', SYSDATE, 'SYSDATE+1');
COMMIT;
END;
/

An equivalent statement using DBMS_SCHEDULER is the following:

BEGIN
DBMS_SCHEDULER.CREATE_JOB(
job_name => 'job1',
job_type => 'PLSQL_BLOCK',
job_action => 'INSERT INTO employees VALUES (1234, NEWS,
NEWS, news@loopback.org, NULL, SYSDATE,AD_PRES, NULL,
NULL, NULL, NULL);');
start_date => SYSDATE,
repeat_interval => 'FREQ = DAILY; INTERVAL = 1');
END;
/

Intervals

repeat_interval => 'FREQ=HOURLY; INTERVAL=4',
comments => 'Every 4 hours');

Run every Friday. (All three examples are equivalent.)

FREQ=DAILY; BYDAY=FRI;
FREQ=WEEKLY; BYDAY=FRI;
FREQ=YEARLY; BYDAY=FRI;

Run every other Friday.

FREQ=WEEKLY; INTERVAL=2; BYDAY=FRI;

Run on the last day of every month.

FREQ=MONTHLY; BYMONTHDAY=-1;

Run on the next to last day of every month.

FREQ=MONTHLY; BYMONTHDAY=-2;

Run on March 10th. (Both examples are equivalent)

FREQ=YEARLY; BYMONTH=MAR; BYMONTHDAY=10;
FREQ=YEARLY; BYDATE=0310;

Run every 10 days.

FREQ=DAILY; INTERVAL=10;

Run daily at 4, 5, and 6PM.

FREQ=DAILY; BYHOUR=16,17,18;

Run on the 15th day of every other month.

FREQ=MONTHLY; INTERVAL=2; BYMONTHDAY=15;

Run on the 29th day of every month.

FREQ=MONTHLY; BYMONTHDAY=29;

Run on the second Wednesday of each month.

FREQ=MONTHLY; BYDAY=2WED;

Run on the last Friday of the year.

FREQ=YEARLY; BYDAY=-1FRI;

Run every 50 hours.

FREQ=HOURLY; INTERVAL=50;

Run on the last day of every other month.

FREQ=MONTHLY; INTERVAL=2; BYMONTHDAY=-1;

Run hourly for the first three days of every month.

FREQ=HOURLY; BYMONTHDAY=1,2,3;

Here are some more complex repeat intervals:

Run on the last workday of every month (assuming that workdays are Monday through Friday).

FREQ=MONTHLY; BYDAY=MON,TUE,WED,THU,FRI; BYSETPOS=-1

Run on the last workday of every month, excluding company holidays. (This example references an existing named schedule called Company_Holidays.)

FREQ=MONTHLY; BYDAY=MON,TUE,WED,THU,FRI; EXCLUDE=Company_Holidays; BYSETPOS=-1

Run at noon every Friday and on company holidays.

FREQ=YEARLY;BYDAY=FRI;BYHOUR=12;INCLUDE=Company_Holidays

A repeat interval of "FREQ=MINUTELY;INTERVAL=2;BYHOUR=17; BYMINUTE=2,4,5,50,51,7;" with a start date of 28-FEB-2004 23:00:00 will generate the following schedule:

SUN 29-FEB-2004 17:02:00
SUN 29-FEB-2004 17:04:00
SUN 29-FEB-2004 17:50:00
MON 01-MAR-2004 17:02:00
MON 01-MAR-2004 17:04:00
MON 01-MAR-2004 17:50:00